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Artikel: Gaya Arsitektur (2) : Contoh Bangunan dengan Gaya Arsitekturnya | HBS Blog

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Artikel ini merupakan kelanjutan berdasarkan artikel sebelumnya "Gaya Arsitektur : Pengertian & Daftar Gaya Arsitektur Duniadanquot;, memberikan contoh gaya arsitektur & contoh bangunannya, yang terdiri menurut Neoklasik (1720-1837), Revivalisme dan Orientalisme (abad ke-19 – 20), Pengaruh Revolusi Industri terhadap gaya arsiektur (1880-1940) & Modernisme (1880 ).

Daftar Gaya Arsitektur pada Dunia

Neoclassicism (1720-1837)

Gaya Arsitektur

Periode

Contoh Bangunan

Nama Bangunan

Lokasi

Beaux-Arts

1670+ (France) dan 1880 (US)

Palais Garnier

Place de l’Opéra,

9th arrondissement,

Paris, France Neoclasik c. 1715-1820

Museum Prado Madrid  Georgian

(UK, US) 1720-1840s

Dolley Todd House Philadelphia American Colonial 1720-1780s

Bronck House

(Dutch Colonial) Coxsackie, NY, built 1663; Pombaline style

(Lisbon in Portugal) 1755-c. 1860

Baixa Pombalina – Federal (US) 1780-1830

Massachusetts Statehouse Boston, Massachusetts Empire (Europe, US) 1804-1830

Kazan Cathedral Saint Petersburg, Russia Regency (UK) 1811-1830

Park Crescent London Palazzo Style

(Europe, Australia, US) 1814-1930?

Palazzo Farnese Rome Neo-palladian –

Woburn Abbey England Jeffersonian

(Virginia in US) 1790s-1830s

Poplar Forest Lynchburg, Virginia Greek Revival architecture –

Klenze’s Propyläen (Gateway) Klenze’s Propyläen Rundbogenstil

(Germany) 1835-1900

Maghen Abraham Synagogue – Nordic Classicism

(Norway) 1910-30

Stockholm Public Library Berut, Libanon Polish Neoclassicisme

(Poland) –

Bank Square Warsawa Revivalisme dan Orientalisme (abad ke-19 – 20) Revival architecture –

Gründerzeit building Germany Resort architecture

(Germany) –

Villa Achterkerke Heringsdorf, Germany Victorian (UK) 1837-1901

Aston Webb building the University of Birmingham, UK San Francisco architecture –

C. A. Belden House Gough Street Between Clay and Washington Streets Edwardian (UK) 1901-1910

Antrim House Wellington, New Zealand Gothic Revival

(UK, US, Europe) 1740s –

façade of the Parlement de Rouen France Italianate

(UK, Europe, US) 1802-1890

Blandwood Mansion and Gardens Greensboro, North Carolina Egyptian Revival (Europe, US) 1809–1820s,

1840s, 1920s

Medical College of Virginia Virginia, United States Biedermeier

(Central Europe) 1815?1848

Stadttempel Vienna,Austria  Russian Revival

(Russian Empire, Germany, Middle Asia) 1826-1917

Pogodin’s Cottage Moscow Russo-Byzantine style  (Russia, Eastern Europe, Balkans) 1861-1917

Boyev almshouse Sokolniki, Moscow  Russian neoclassical revival  (Russian Empire, Eastern Europe) 1900-1920

Luxury apartment blocks Solyanka Street, Moscow Renaissance Revival  (UK) 1840–90

Festetics Palace   Keszthely, Hungary Black-and-white Revival

(UK especially Chester) 1811

Lockwood’s black-and-white building  Chester Cross- England Jacobethan (UK) 1830–70

Former Savings Bank 39 Welsh Row, Nantwich- England Baroque Revival aka Neo-Baroque 1840?-

Ortaköy Mosque Istanbul, Turkey Bristol Byzantine 1850-1880

Brown’s Restaurant     Bristol-England

Edwardian Baroque

(UK ,British Empire) 1901-1922

War Office Whitehall, London Second Empire

(France, UK, US, Canada, Australia) 1855?1880

War and Navy Building  Washington, D.C.  Queen Anne Style  (UK, US) 1870–1910s

Carson Mansion  Eureka, California Orientalisme –

Chinesischer Turm (Chinese Tower)   Englischer Garten, Munich, Germany Neo-Mudéjar

(Spain, Portugal, Bosnia, California) 1880s-1920s

City hall Sarajevo (Bosnia) Moorish Revival

(US, Europe) –

Palace of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) Mayan Revival (US) 1920-1930s

Imperial Hotel Tokyo Romanesque Revival (US) 1840–1930s

Royce Hall, University of California Los Angeles Carpenter Gothic (US) 1870+

Langdon House Cincinnati, Ohio High Victorian Gothic (Anglosphere) –

Memorial Hall (Harvard University) Cambridge, Massachusetts Collegiate Gothic(US)  1910–1960

Suzzallo Library (1926), University of Washington Seattle Stick Style (US) 1860-1890+

Herman C. Timm House New Holstein, Wisconsin Richardsonian Romanesque (US) 1880s-1905

First Presbyterian Church Detroit, Michigan Shingle Style 1879-1905

Frank Lloyd Wright House and Studio  Oak Park, Chicago, Illinois Neo-Byzantine  (US) 1882–1920s

Ioannovsky Convent, St. Petersburg American Renaissance

Ch?Teauesque

(Canada, US, Hungary) 1887-1930s

Biltmore Estate Asheville, North Carolina, USA  Mediterranean Revival

(US, Latin America, Europe) 1890s

Breakers Hotel Palm Beach, Florida Mission Revival

(California, southwest US) 1894-1936

Louis P. and Clara K. Best Residence and Auto House  Davenport, Iowa  Pueblo Revival

(southwest US) 1898?1930

Painted Desert Inn, a National Historic Landmark   Arizona Beaux-Arts Revival

1880 (US, Canada),

1920 (Australia) 1880 – 1920

San Francisco War Memorial Opera House US  City Beautiful  (US) 1890–20th century

World Columbian Exposition of 1893  Chicago

Territorial Revival architecture 1930

Bataan Memorial Building  Santa Fe-New Mexico  Queenslander  (Australian), Australian styles 1840s–1960s

Bonnington, Bellevue Hill  New South Wales Neo-Manueline

(Portugal, Brazil) 1840s-1910s

Morozov Palace  Moscow, Russia Dragestil (Norway) 1880s-1910s

Villa Balderslund  Balestrand (erected 1907)  Neo-Plateresque and Monterrey Style

(Spain, Mexico) 19th – early 20th centuries

Casa consistorial de Sevilla Seville, Spain Pengaruh Revolusi Industri (1880-1940) Arts and Crafts (UK) 1880–1910

Robert R. Blacker House 1177 Hillcrest Ave

Pasadena, California Art Nouveau aka Jugendstil 1885?1910

Church of St. Elisabeth Bratislava  National Romantic style (Norway) 1900-1923?

Finnish National Theatre,founded in 1872 Pori, central Helsinki Modernisme (1880+)  Chicago School  (US) 1880-1890, 1940s-1960s

Willis Tower,1,451-foot (442 m)  Chicago, Illinois Functionalism c.

(Europe, US) 1900-1930s

Residential and Commercial House Luxor  Prague (Czech Republic) from 1928 Futurism (Europe) 1909

Theme Building, Los Angeles International Airport Los Angeles Expressionisme 1910–c. 1924

Einstein Tower Potsdam-Berlin, 1919-22 Amsterdam School (Netherlands) 1912–1924

(Het Schip) apartment building Amsterdam, 1917-20 Organic architecture –

Fallingwater  Pennsylvania New Objectivity aka Rationalism

(Germany, Holland, Budapest) 1920-1939 flats Hamburg, 1929 Bauhaus

(Germany, Northern Europe) 1919-1930+ Bauhaus Museum Tel Aviv De Stijl 1920s (Holland, Europe) 1920s Rietveld Schröder House Utrecht, Netherlands  Art Deco (global) 1925–1940s

Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel, Bandung-Indonesia Streamline Moderne 1930–1937

Daily Express Building Manchester, UK, 1939 Modernism 1927–1960s

TWA Terminal, John F. Kennedy Airport New York, 1962 International Style

(Europe, US) 1930

Glass Palace, a celebration of transparency Heerlen, Netherlands (1935) Usonian (US) 1936–1940s

Private houses,The Dorothy H. Turkel House  built in 1955  Constructivism (USSR) 1925–1932

Van Nelle Factory  Rotterdam by Leendert van der Vlugt (and Mart Stam) 1927-31 Postconstructivism  (USSR) 1932–1941

Preobrazhenskaya Zastava   Moscow Fascist architecture –

New Reichchancellory Berlin, Germany Nazi  (Germany) 1933-1944

Berlin Tempelhof Airport Jerman Stalinist  (USSR) 1933–1955

main entrance to All-Union Agricultural Exhibition  Moscow  Googie (US) 1950s

Hope International University   Fullerton, California  Brutalism 1950s–1970s

Trellick Tower  London, 1966–1972  Structuralism 1950s-1970s

Nakagin Capsule Tower Tokyo, 1972 (Kisho Kurokawa) Metabolis

(Japan) 1959

Richards Medical Research Laboratories Philadelphia Danish Functionalism (Denmark) 1960s

The tower of the Helsinki Olympic Stadium Helsinki  Structural Expressionism aka Hi-Tech 1980s+

Leslie L. Dan Pharmacy Building University of Toronto Ponce Creole

(Ponce in Puerto Rico) 1895-1920

Font-Ubides Residence Calle Castillo No. 34, Ponce, Puerto Rico Heliopolis style (Egypt) 1905 – c. 1935

Heliopolis Palace Mesir  Mar del Plata style (Mar del Plata in Argentina) 1935-1950

Basque traditional houses Argentina Soft Portuguese (Portugal & colonies) 1940-1955

Areeiro Square building Lisbon-Portugal Ranch-style (US) 1940s-1970s

Smaller ranch-style house West Jordan, Utah Post-Modernism and the 21st century Post-Modernism (US, UK) 1945+

Sony Building (formerly AT&T building) New York City, 1984 Arcology  (Europe) 1970s+

Arcosanti  Arizona

Deconstructivism (Europe, US, Far East) 1982

Libeskind’s Imperial War Museum North   Manchester  Blobitecture 2003+

London City Hall  London, United Kingdom Sustainable architecture 2000+

K2 sustainable apartments Windsor, Victoria, Australia  Earthship

(Started in US, now global) 1980

Brighton Earthship  UK Green building 2000+

Taipei 101 Taipei

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